The Effectiveness of Intensive Interaction: A Systematic Literature Review

Hutchinson, N. & Bodicoat, A. (2015) Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 28 (6), 437-454. This paper looked at 15 quantitative and 3 qualitative peer-reviewed papers which examined the efficacy of Intensive Interaction (I.I.) with participants of different ages in both educational and residential settings: In Nind’s 1996 study, a multiple-baseline study with 6 adultContinue reading “The Effectiveness of Intensive Interaction: A Systematic Literature Review”

Clinical Psychologists’ Views of Intensive Interaction as an Intervention in Learning Disability Services

Berry, R., Firth, G., Leeming, C. & Sharma, V. (2014) Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 21 (5), 403-410. Some Background This explored clinical psychologists’ views of Intensive Interaction as an intervention in learning disability services in terms of its theoretical underpinning and empirical support. It was also hoped that the study might illuminate significant issues influencingContinue reading “Clinical Psychologists’ Views of Intensive Interaction as an Intervention in Learning Disability Services”

Effective Engagement through Intensive Interaction

Sharma, V. & Firth, G. (2012) Learning Disability Practice, 15 (9), 20-23. This paper reviews research on the effects of Intensive Interaction on the conduct, health and wellbeing of people with learning disabilities who exhibit severe challenging behaviour, and on the wellbeing of their carers.  The authors conclude that Intensive Interaction can benefit clients, carersContinue reading “Effective Engagement through Intensive Interaction”

A Dual Aspect Process Model of Intensive Interaction

Firth, G. (2009) British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 37(1), 43-49. Since the 1980s, intensive Interaction has been employed to meet the social and communicative needs of people with severe or profound and multiple learning difficulties and/or autism. The approach, which employs naturalistic interactions with learning disabled people based on the ‘infant-caregiver’ interactional model, was initiallyContinue reading “A Dual Aspect Process Model of Intensive Interaction”

Intensive Interaction and autism: a useful approach?

Nind, M. (1999) British Journal of Special Education, 26 (2), 96–102. This article addressed the potential usefulness of Intensive Interaction (I.I.) for pupils whose learning disabilities are compounded by autism. It begins with a general outline of Intensive Interaction, describing it as an approach to ‘communication’ suitable for children and young people with the mostContinue reading “Intensive Interaction and autism: a useful approach?”

Intensive Interaction Training for Paid Carers: ‘Looking, Looking and Find Out When They Want to Relate to You’

Nagra, M., White, R., Appiah, A. & Rayner, K. (2016) Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, On-line (DOI: 10.1111/jar.12259) Introduction: the authors of this paper identifiedIntensive Interaction (II) as a communication approach that is useful when working with people with severe or profound intellectual disabilities who have difficulty with the use and understanding of pre-verbalContinue reading “Intensive Interaction Training for Paid Carers: ‘Looking, Looking and Find Out When They Want to Relate to You’”

Intensive Interaction: to build fulfilling relationships

Harris, C. & Wolverson, E. (2014) Journal of Dementia Care, 22 (6), 27-30. In this paper the authors share their experiences of using Intensive Interaction to support people living in the later stages of dementia. For EW [a clinical psychologist] Intensive Interaction is especially useful when working with people who present with challenging behaviours –Continue reading “Intensive Interaction: to build fulfilling relationships”

Can adults on the autism spectrum be affected positively by the use of intensive interaction in supported living services?

Fraser, C. (2011) Good Autism Practice, 12 (2), 37-42. The case study: Derek was a 67 year old man with a diagnosis of autism and epilepsy. He lived in a supported living home (for 9 years) and sometimes displayed challenging behaviours e.g. incontinence; shouting; repetitiveness; withdrawing to his room; switching lights on & off; pullingContinue reading “Can adults on the autism spectrum be affected positively by the use of intensive interaction in supported living services?”

How Rapidly Does Intensive Interaction Promote Social Engagement for Adults with Profound Learning Disabilities?

Zeedyk, S, Caldwell, P. & Davies, C. (2009) European Journal of Special Needs Education, 24 (2), 119-137. This study investigated levels of engagement in individuals with profound learning disabilities participating in their first Intensive Interaction session. The authors had 2 aims: to determine how quickly observable increases in engagement behaviours take place, and to lookContinue reading “How Rapidly Does Intensive Interaction Promote Social Engagement for Adults with Profound Learning Disabilities?”

An evaluation of Intensive Interaction in community living settings for adults with profound intellectual disabilities

Samuel, J., Nind, M., Volans, A. and Scriven, I. (2008) Journal of Intellectual Disabilities (2008), 12 (2), 111-126. This research took place in 4 residential service for adults with profound intellectual disabilities. The study looked at 2 hypotheses: 1. That support staff could learn the principles of Intensive Interaction. 2. That Intensive Interaction would haveContinue reading “An evaluation of Intensive Interaction in community living settings for adults with profound intellectual disabilities”